Plastic Surgery and Beauty
A flabby abdomen is caused not only by the accumulation of fat, but also by the poor elasticity of the skin, excess skin, and the stretching of the inner girdle of connective tissue (abdominal fascia) and abdominal muscles that extends from the ribs to the pubic bone. This inner girdle, which holds the internal organs in place, is responsible for the tone and appearance of the abdomen.
Your abdomen is more likely to protrude after your abdominal fascia has been stretched during pregnancy or after significant changes in your weight. A tummy tuck can remove loose, excess skin and fat, and tighten weak fascia. A tummy tuck can also remove stretch marks and excess skin in the lower abdomen below the bellybutton. However, a tummy tuck won't correct stretch marks outside of this area.
You might consider a tummy tuck if:
- You have excess skin that's accumulated around the area of your bellybutton
- You have a weak lower abdominal wall
- Liposuction didn't adequately improve the appearance of your abdomen
- You previously had a C-section and have retracted scarring
There are several techniques for breast reduction surgery. They all aim to remove excess breast tissue, re-shape breasts and re-position the nipples. The chosen technique depends on the woman’s physical condition and desired results, and also determines the position of the scar.
The most common technique is an anchor-shaped incision that goes around the areola (still leaving the nipple attached), down to the crease between the breast and chest, and then horizontally into that crease. If the breast is large and droopy, the nipple and areola may be detached and later re-attached. Usually the scar is positioned around the areola and just at the base of the breast, where it can be easily hidden.
The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and takes about 2-3 hours. Drains are inserted and left in place to let any accumulating fluids and blood flow out of the site of operation. These are usually removed after two days.
Antibiotics may be given before and after the operation to reduce the risk of wound infections.
Breast prostheses are breast forms intended to simulate breasts. There are a number of materials and designs; although, the most common construction is silicone gel in a plastic skin. Off-the shelf breast prostheses come in a range of shapes and sizes, while customised breast prostheses are moulded to fit an individual's chest by taking an impression of both breasts and sculpting a mirror image. Pals Breast Forms consist of a lifelike gel which can be trimmed to fit with scissors, then sent back for customization. Fabrication of customised prostheses is typically done by an anaplastologist who makes somato prostheses. The areola and nipple may be replicated by being moulded into the breast form or a separate nipple prosthesis may be attached to the breast prosthesis. Both custom made and off-the shelf breast prostheses come in varieties that are designed to either be held in a pocket in a specially designed mastectomy bra or attached to the skin and worn with a standard bra.
Liposuction is mainly used to improve appearance, rather than providing any physical health benefits. Most people would probably achieve the same or better results by adopting a healthful lifestyle, with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and a healthy sleep schedule.
Liposuction is normally advised only if lifestyle changes have not achieved the desired results. It can treat areas of fat that are resistant to exercise and diet.
When an individual gains weight, each fat cell increases in size and volume. Liposuction reduces the number of fat cells in isolated areas.
People should discuss the pros and cons of liposuction with their doctor before deciding on whether to proceed. Liposuction should only be carried out after careful consideration.